Building Frames

The complex of supporting structures, taking in the gravity load of the building envelope (roof, wall panels, glazing casement, etc.), the atmospheric load (snow, wind), crane loads and in some cases loads from other process equipment, is called building frame.

The structural layout of the steel frame of a two-span production building is shown in the figure below:


The frame basis consists of cross frames (columns, rigidly clamped in the foundation and crossbars or trusses, rigidly or pivotally connected to the columns). The distance between frames is called frames step. In the longitudinal direction the frame supports crane girders, bearing elements of the coating and lamps.
Rigidity and stability of the frame and its individual elements is provided by the connections system: vertical links on the columns, taking in the longitudinal forces from the wind action towards the butt end of the building and the longitudinal cranes braking forces; horizontal and vertical links on the marquee of the building, providing structural stability of the coating.
The building envelope is secured to the frame elements. The coating structures are laid on the frame crossbars and lamps. The elements of wall frame - framework, which is also attached to the frames, are set to support walls, glazing casements and gates.

 
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